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Electric light Definitions

  日期:2011-11-18  浏览次数:72

1 type of electric light
1.1 electric light electric light source
Converts electrical energy into optical radiation devices.
Note: This term is sometimes used for certain types of lighting devices.
1.2 incandescent (electric) light incandescent (electric) lamp
With the power of the method, the object is heated to incandescence light emitting state. v Note: The light is usually tungsten wire, its structure can be straight wire; single spiral wire, double-helix spiral wire or three wire.
1.3 Vacuum lamp vacuum lamp
Light in a vacuum to work the incandescent bulb.
1.4 Inflatable light gas-filled lamp light in nitrogen or inert gases in the work of the incandescent bulb.
Note: The light gas can be filled within a single element, it can be mixed by a certain percentage of multiple inert gas or nitrogen.
1.5 Halogen tungsten halogen lamp
Filled with gas containing halogen element or part of halide incandescent.
1.6 general lighting bulb tungsten filament lamp for general service
For home, street and industrial enterprises for general use incandescent lighting, the glass can be transparent, it can be frosted, white or in white-out.
1.7 decorative lamp decorative lamp
Tubes made of different shapes and different colors for the decorative role of incandescent.
1.8 prefocus lamp bulb spotlight
Light on the position of head positioning parts are precisely calibrated incandescent lamp.
1.9 white opal lamp bulb
Glass is white, or white coating on the glass coating, so that it has good transmission properties of diffuse incandescent.

1.10 frosted frosted lamp bulb
Glass surface to be machined into the hair surface, so that it has good transmission properties of the diffuse incandescent.
1.11 reflective bulb reflector lamp
Specifically within the glass bulb with reflectors, or in the appropriate shape of the glass part of the inner surface covered with a metal reflective layer, so that it has directional properties of light bulbs.
1.12 local lighting bulb tungsten filament lamp for localized lighting
Local security lighting for incandescent bulbs, the lamp voltage is 36V or less.
1.13 small incandescent bulbs miniature incandescent lamp
Length less than 30mm, maximum diameter less than 18mm of glass incandescent bulbs.
1.14 subminiature incandescent bulbs extra-miniature incandescent lamp
Length less than 10mm, maximum diameter of less than 4mm glass incandescent bulbs.
1.15 flash flash lamp
Photography for lighting objects, in an instant to give light output of the lamp.
1.16 infrared light infrared lamp
The main components of the radiation in the infrared spectral range of light.
1.17 UV lamp ultraviolet lamp
The main components of the radiation in the ultraviolet spectral range of light.
1.18 discharge lamps disge lamp
By the gas, gas and metal vapor or several mixed metal vapor discharge lamp light.
1.19 glow discharge lamp glow disge lamp
Illuminated by the glow discharge lamp.
1.20 metal vapor (discharge) light metal vapour (disge) 1amp
Light by the metal vapor discharge lamps, such as mercury (vapor) lamp, sodium (vapor) lamp.
1.21 Mercury (vapor) lamp mercury (vapour) lamp
Light from the mercury vapor discharge lamps.
1.22 Low-pressure mercury (vapor) lamp low pressure mercury (vapour) 1amp
Discharge stability, mercury-vapor partial pressure mercury lamp is less than 102Pa.
1.23 high-pressure mercury (vapor) lamp high pressure mercury (vapour) 1amp
Discharge stability, mercury-vapor partial pressure at or greater than 103Pa mercury (vapor) lamp.
1.24 ultra-high pressure mercury (vapor) lamp extra-high pressure mercury (vapour) 1amp discharge stability, mercury vapor partial pressure at or greater than 104Pa mercury (vapor) lamp. 1.25 fluorescent high pressure mercury (vapor) to provide f1uorescent high pressure mercury (vapour) 1amp
Inside the outer glass bulb is coated with fluorescent material high-pressure mercury (vapor) lamp.
1.26 self-ballasted fluorescent high pressure mercury (vapor) lamp self-ballasted fluorescent high pressure mercury (vapour) 1amp
Light that has the filament can play the role of ballast fluorescent high pressure mercury lamp.
1.27 fluorescent f1uorescent lamp
Mainly generated by the discharge excited UV radiation-emitting phosphor layer and the discharge lamp.
1.28 Preheat fluorescent preheat start fluorescent lamp
Method with a pre-heated cathode fluorescent lamp to lamp start.
1.29 Quick start quick start fluorescent lamp fluorescent
The use of light construction and fixtures, the lamp power can quickly start a fluorescent lamp.
1.30 instant start fluorescent instant-start fluorescent lamp
Without preheating the cathode and hot cathode can directly start fluorescent lamps.
1.31 Daylight fluorescent daylight fluorescent lamp
The chromaticity coordinates of the target value z = 0.313, y = 0.337 for the center, in the long axle A = 0.00223 × 5, minor axis B = 0.00095 × 5, the angle between the axis and the x-axis θ = 58 ° 23 ' by the oval for the tolerance range of fluorescent lamps.
Note: This definition is based on International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standard No. 81 (1984 edition) gives the standard color surface determined.
1.32 cool white fluorescent cool white fluorescent lamp
The chromaticity coordinates of the target value x = 0.372, y = 0.375 for the center, in the long axle A = 0.00315 × 5, the minor axis B = 0.00131 × 5, the angle between the axis and the x-axis θ = 54 ° 44 'by the oval of color tolerance range of fluorescent lamps.
Note: This definition is based on national Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standard No. 81 (1984 edition) gives the standard color and determined.
1.33 white fluorescent white fluorescent lamp
The chromaticity coordinates of the target value x = 0.409 y = 0.394 for the center, in the long axle A = 0.0031 × 5, minor axis B = 0.00139 × 5, the angle between the axis and the x-axis θ = 52 ° 58 'by tolerance ellipse for the fluorescent color.
Note: This definition is based on International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standard No. 81 (1984 edition) gives the standard near-color and determined.
1.34 warm white fluorescent warm white fluorescent lamp
The chromaticity coordinates of the target value x = 0.440, y = 0.403 for the center, in the long axle A = 0.00238 ×, minor axis B = 0.00136 × 5 axis and the X-axis angle θ = 53 ° 10 'by the oval tolerance range for the color of fluorescent lamps.
Note: This definition is based on International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard colors and 81 set.
1.35 high-output fluorescent high output fluorescent lamp
Large load on the power per unit length (about 50w / m, the rated current of 0.8 ~ 1.0A), high luminous flux of fluorescent lamps.
1.36 neon neon tubing
Mainly refers to the use of inert gas glow discharge positive column glow discharge lamp tube, including the same form of nitrogen and mercury vapor glow discharge lamp.
1.37 xenon lamp xenon lamp
Mainly by the glow discharge xenon discharge lamp.
1.38 high (gas) pressure xenon high pressure xenon lamp
Discharge stability, the light within the xenon gas pressure to 106Pa about xenon lamp.
1.39 high (gas) pressure xenon lamp extra-high pressure xenon lamp
Discharge stability, the light within the xenon gas pressure is higher than 104Pa xenon lamp.
 

1.40 sodium (vapor) lamp sodium (vapour) lamp
Mainly by the sodium vapor discharge glow discharge lamp.

1.41 low pressure sodium (vapor) lamp low pressure sodium (vapour) lamp
Discharge stability, sodium vapor lamps in the sub-pressure sodium lamp of not more than a few Pascal.
1.42 high-pressure sodium (vapor) lamp high pressure sodium (vapour) lamp
Discharge stability, sodium vapor lamps in partial pressure to 106Pa of sodium.
1.43 halide lamp metal halide lamps
By the metal vapor and metal halide discharge decomposition of a mixture of light discharge lamp.
1.44 germicidal lamp bactericidal (germicidal) lamp bulb through ultraviolet radiation, UV radiation has a strong bactericidal effect of mercury.
1.45 spectral lamp spectroscopic lamp
To issue a specific line spectrum, combined with the filter after the discharge lamp to obtain monochromatic radiation.
1.46 short-arc lamp short-arc lamp
Smaller distance between the two electrodes (about 1 ~ 10mm) of the arc discharge lamp.
Note: These lights are usually high pressure lamps.
1.47 long-long-arc lamp arc lamp
The distance between two electrodes a large arc discharge lamp.
1.48 luminous intensity standard lamp 1uminous intensity standard lamp
For reproduction and delivery unit of luminous intensity values ​​of the standard lamp. It's light, stable performance, the filament in the same plane. Glass bulb with a specific shape, the distance can be well adapted to the requirements of the inverse square law. Note: This lamp can also serve as the distribution of temperature and irradiance standard lamp standard lamp.
1.49 The total luminous flux standard lamp luminous flux standard lamp
For reproduction, preservation and transmission of luminous flux unit value of the standard lamp, with a relative measurement of total luminous flux, as a standard light source.
1.50 Tungsten Lamp tungsten ribbon lamp
For use with tungsten incandescent light. It is mainly used as a temperature standard lamps and spectral radiance standard lamp.
1.51 spectral irradiance standard lamp spectral radiant illuminance standard lamp
Used to preserve and transmit spectral irradiance values ​​of the bulb unit. Usually it is a rack mounted on the lamp halogen quartz tube, in its level in a certain vertical distance, a uniform irradiance distribution. Can also be used bromine tungsten filament quartz lamp for emission spectral irradiance standard lamp.
2 power source components and accessories
2.1 light luminous element v light-emitting part.
2.2 filament filament
Made with tungsten light, when the current through the filament and heated to incandescent state, the filament will glow.
2.3 straight filament straight filament
By non-wound filament composed of straight wire.
2.4 Single spiral filament single-coil filament
Single helical filament.
2.5 pairs of spiral filament coiled-coil filament
Made with a single spiral wire spiral around the filament.
2.6 triple helix filament triple-coil filament
Made with the double-helix spiral around the filament wire.
2.7 v filament bunch filament type
Together into a v-type straight filament or helical filament.
2.8 Flower filament (filament) fold filament
Under the fold axis around the lamp filament straight or spiral around the filament.
2.9 flat uniplanar filament filament
Installed on the same plane (including parallel and perpendicular to the light axis in both directions) straight or spiral filament filament
2.10 rows of wire array filament
All parts of straight or spiral filament filament axis of each segment are in the same plane and parallel to the axis of the wire filament lamp. Row wire is a special form of flat wire.
2.11 around the filament space winding filament
Straight wire and white wire with spiral wound filament.
2.12 cathode cathode
Electron emission electrode.
2.13 cold cathode cold cathode
Working conditions in the glow discharge cathode discharge lamp.
2.14 hot cathode hot cathode
Arc discharge conditions in the work of the discharge lamp cathode.
2.15 anode anode
Electrode to accept electrons.
2.16 start electrode starting electrode
To start the auxiliary electrode discharge lamp.
2.17 the main electrode main electrode
The discharge current through the electrode.
2.18 glass bulb
Isolated light and the surrounding medium transparent or translucent shell.
2.19 light-emitting tube (inner tube) luminous tube (inner tube)
With double-layer structure of the gas discharge lamp light within the tubular body.
2.20 frosted glass frosted bulb
A matte surface layer of glass.
2.21 opal glass opal bulb
Made of white material with a coating of white paint or surface layer of glass.
2.22 hard material glass hard glass bulb
With a high softening point, thermal shock resistance of glass made of strong glass.
2.23 soft material glass soft glass bulb
With a low softening point, poor thermal shock resistance of glass made of glass.
2.24 broken shell coloured bulb color
With colored glass or surface covered with translucent colored coating layer of glass.
2.25 lamp cap
Fixed to the lamp on the lamp, the lamp connected to the light and power components.
2.26 screw-type cap screw cap
With round thread to connect the lamp and lamp holder, with the "E" logo.
2.27 Socket type lamp bay onet cap
Connected with the bolt with the head holder, with the "B" logo.
2.28 Pre-focused lamp prefo cus cap style
Incandescent filament can be fixed in a specific location of the lamp, the "P" logo.
2.29 pin-type head pin cap
With pins to connect the lamp and lamp holder, with the "G" (for a 2-pin and multi pin head) or "F" (for single pin head) logo
2.30 lamp lampholder
Maintain the position and the lamp light and power connected devices.
2.31 moisture moisture-proof lampholder lamp holder
For outdoor use in wet conditions and the holder. This lamp is not in use, the performance impact of rain and wet weather.
2.32 stem core columns
Fixed light-emitting body, and to ensure that the electric light wires and glass (shell) for gas-tight sealing of the lamp components.
Note: The core columns generally by the guide wire, horn pipe, exhaust pipe and rod components. And some core columns do not contain the latter two components.
2.33 exhaust pipe exhaust


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